The UN Security Council veto power effects on democratic principles in 21st century

The world organizations have been in the forefront on keeping the international peace since the end of the WWII. The international peace was a fundamental factor which led to the establishment of the United Nations. Thus, the formation of the UN was to ensure peace prevailed to bringing certain positive changes in different sphere of human life. The United Nations was envisioned as peace keeping body through the practice of justice, liberty and equality. However, the negotiation struggle in the formation of the United Nations body just after the WWII was evident that all nations were not equality treated on membership process, voting and the commanding power in decision-making in the organization (Mansfield and Snyder, 1995). The United Nation Security Council was bestowed with the veto powers, which are only privileges enjoyed by only five permanent members of the UN members. Though there was resistance on bestowing the veto powers on the UN Security Council at that time, the abolishment of veto powers of the Council has now been a heated debate concerning international relations. There are a number of scholarly material, research and press sources which evidently posits that UN Security Council has failed in achieving its goals and mission from the use veto power. This is has triggered our interest of  understanding the effects of the veto powers in the current generation of the 21st century in bringing international corporation based on democratic principles (Domke,1988).

The practices of veto power in the United Nations organization is only shared among five victorious power states (Naidu, 2005). As result of this nature of power distribution, there is absence of power balancing among the member states. This acts as a contradiction on the principles of equal sovereignty. In the practice of sovereign equality, all participating members should have equal powers and opportunities in the decision-making; however, this has been challenged by the unlimited veto powers of the UN Security Council. The UN Security Council thus being biased on the governing of the permanent five members, it has paid much attention on the foreign policies majorly on political bases rather than on humanity needs. The political power ideology has however faded away with the increase of economic power in other nations besides the permanent five. Despite the recognition of the economic power increase in other nations like Japan, Germany, and South Africa among others, thepermanent five members incorporated them to have permanent seats in the last decade of the 20th century.  The denial of the veto powers however was a vivid indication of the sovereign inequality of the different states.

There has been a shift of the power identity in the 20th century, whereby most of the participants in National Corporation have depended on the strategy of foreign policy to advance their national interest. The incorporated states of the UN members are said to be pillars of enhancing…

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