Cleaning any type of upholstered furnishings isn’t an easy task. There are lots of things to consider even before you begin with the cleaning process itself. In fact, it’s vital to get a few things right unless you want to cause irreparable damage to your sofa or recliner. Just like carpet cleaning there is a number of real pitfalls to be on the look out for. Thus you have to do a extensive research on the topic or hire a professional technician who is trained,certified and has years of experience in restoring fabrics.
So, without further adieu let’s begin. The most important thing you have to do before start cleaning upholstery is to learn what kind of fabric you are dealing with. It’s essential because different products necessitate particular cleaning methods. The easiest thing to do is to have a look at the tag of the item that requires cleaning. Normally it’s placed on the decking beneath the cushions or the cushions themselves. As of today there are four cleaning codes which read as follows:
S – it signifies that the piece of furniture must be cleaned with a solvent based formula only
W – these pieces require wet cleaning methods
SW – signifies that low moisture methods need to be used
X – notifies that only dry cleaning is allowed
However,it’s good to know that sometimes tags can be wrong. So, before you administer your cleaning agent of choice try it on an inconspicuous area and see how fabrics react. If you can’t notice a change in colour or similar negative effect you’re good to go.
Next stage in the process is a burn test. It’s implemented to learn what type of fabric you handle when you don’t have the information needed from instructions or manufacturer’s warranty. Start with unzipping a cushion and find a piece of extra textile. Take scissors and carefully cut off a small piece. However, make sure not to damage it. Then separate threads and carry out the burn test. If the fibre melts it’s synthetic for sure. If it burns slowly and there is ash, it’s cotton fabric. When there is smell like burning hair, it is definitely wool. Rayon burns like a fuse and doesn’t leave a trace behind.
The outcome from this test will reveal a lot. Normally synthetic fibres are good for wet cleaning. On the other hand natural products, including rayon, must be cleaned with solvents or low moisture techniques. However, there are instances when wools and cottons can be wet cleaned, too.
Finally, you have to test if the colour of the fabric bleeds. Get a clean, white cloth, pour a few drops of cleaner on it and dab on a small area of fabric. Rub and allow cleaner to sit for several minutes. Then rub again to see if colour comes off on the cloth. If it does, the fabric can’t be cleaned using water. Rerun the check with solvent cleaner this time around. If you get the same outcome, it means the upholstery has to be only dry cleaned.
At the end, it’s worthwhile remembering that spending a few hundred or even less on hiring an expert company…